Lighting plays a vital role in designing any room. A proper understanding between light and shadow is a must for effective lighting design. Lighting is not only used to light a house, but also to beautify a house. There are mainly three types of lightings – task, ambient and decorative lighting, each one of these lightings have their own role to play in enhancing the beauty of the room. An interior looks and performs much better if at least one element from each of these types is included within the lighting scheme. Each one of these lightings are equally important and must be wisely used. Any design is incomplete without proper, elegant and beautiful lights. With the help of light we can fill an interior with richness and depth, different moods can be created within an interior with the help of light. It is rightly said that “Light can obscure or highlight furniture, art and other elements as well as create dramatic settings for special events. Light can be used to define form, texture and pattern.”
Task lighting is used for a specific task or for highlighting a particular area in the room. It is a way to provide more light on a specific area to perform a task that requires more light than the ambient fixtures can give. For example, light used for reading is task lighting, similarly the light from a range hood onto the oven is also task lighting. A desk lamp in an office or a ceiling pendant above a breakfast bar can give the additional lighting needed to read a book or newspaper. Even lights under kitchen cabinets are task lights since they are used for a particular task. No matter how we may design a room, we can never sacrifice or compromise with task lighting because without it the room will be practically unusable. Therefore, task lighting should be the starting point of designing any room. It is important to understand the need and lifestyle of a customer and then give provisions for task lighting accordingly.
Ambient lighting is the main source of lighting in a room which is used to illuminate an entire room evenly. It is general light that fills the room. The light is diffused and produce an overall glow. It should be inconspicuous and must blend into the surroundings. Some good examples of Ambient lighting are – one light in the center of your ceiling from a light fixture or ceiling fan, several recessed lights spread evenly over the ceiling, or natural lighting from windows or skylights. Bright ambient light is important to enable proper lighting up of the room. Since Ambient lighting is the main and the most used source of lighting in a room, it is important to have sufficient of it throughout the room.
Decorative Lighting refers to lighting where the source of light itself is decorative. These are light fixtures that draw attention to themselves and add character to the room being lighted. For instance, an antique lamp, a beautiful chandelier, some wall lights or pendants are examples of decorative lighting. Beautiful corner lamps of beautiful shapes that not only are a source of light but also add to the beauty of the room, fireplaces and much more are examples of decorative lighting. Decorative lighting is equally important since it plays a vital role in setting a particular mood. These not only add to the elegance but also to the beauty of the room.
An appropriate use of all three of them is vital for the decor of the room. The negligence of any one of them can leave the place incomplete.