A detailed understanding of color is very important before using them in a design. Interior designers know exactly which color combination to use without going overboard or underplaying it. Experienced Interior designers of Noida Interiors have been giving beautiful homes and offices to their clients for years. The right kind of color combination can make a space look big whereas an inappropriate combination can not only make a space look small but also unappealing to the eyes. Be it a Bedroom, Kitchen, or living room, if color and lighting are both used in a complementary manner, they can give a mesmerizing makeover to any space.
Colour is basically categorized into three groups known as primary, secondary, and tertiary colors.
Primary colors are the basic colors, in other words, they are the first colors on the color wheel. Red, Yellow and Blue are known as the primary colors and these colors cannot be mixed with any other color. They are used in their original or pure form.
Mixing of two primary colours gives secondary colours. For example:-
* Red + Yellow = Orange
* Yellow + Blue = Green
* Blue + Red = Violet
So over here, Orange, Green and Violet are the secondary colors.
Mixing of one primary color with one secondary color that lies next to each other on the color wheel gives a tertiary color. For example:-
* Yellow + Green = Yellow-Green
* Yellow + Orange = Yellow-Orange
* Orange + Red = Red-Orange
* Red + Violet = Red-Violet
* Violet + Blue = Blue-Violet
* Blue + Green = Blue-Green
So over here, Yellow-Green, Yellow-Orange, Red-Orange, Red-Violet, Blue-Violet and Blue-Green are the tertiary colors.
After these colors come the tint, tone, shade, and hue
Colour + white colour = tint
If we mix the white color with any color, we get lighter shades of that color, this lighter shade is known as a tint. In other words, It’s simply any color with white added. For example, if we mix the red color with white color, we will get a Tint red color. This is done to get lighter shades of color.
Tints are soft, youthful and soothing.
Colour + Grey = Tone
A Tone is created by adding both White and Black. Any color that is “grayed down” or mixed with grey color is considered to be a Tone. Just like Tint, any color can be used as the base of a Tone. Tones are pleasing to the eye.
Colour + Black = Shade
The shade is simply any color with black added to it. When we talk of shade, we actually speak about how dark it is or how much black is in it. Just like Tint and Tone, any color can be used as the base of shade. Shades are mysterious, deep and powerful.
Hue is the correct name for color. They are the purest and brightest colors. They progress around the primary color wheel forming the full spectrum of colors.
There are basically three color schemes known as complementary, monochromatic and harmonious.
Complementary colors are those colors that lie opposite to each other on the color wheel, for example, blue and orange, red and green, purple and yellow. Complementary colors give a contrast look and can be very tricky to use but if used in the right way they can give a very energetic look to space. The right way to do this is by not applying the same amount of both the colors, one color should dominate the other.
Monochromatic color scheme refers to the use of shade, Tone, or Tint of one color. For example, if we choose the color yellow then the entire room has to be done with different Tones, Shades and Tints of yellow only. These color schemes are easy to get right and can be very effective, soothing and authoritative, but at the same time, they lack the diversity of hues found in other color schemes and are less vibrant.
Harmonious color scheme refers to the use of colors that sit next to each other on the color wheel. Under this scheme, one can make use of several colors of the same tone. For example, using pastel colors in the same tone such as green, blue, lilac and pink without any one of them dominating the other.
Here are five different points to be considered when choosing a color palette for a room:-
1. Owners taste and preferences.
2. What the room is going to be used for.
3. Size of the room.
4. The amount and sources of light available in the room.
5. Height of the ceiling of the room.
Here is an explanation of the psychological effects associated with two different colors.
The color red can be seen as Power, Physicality, Passion, Sex, Energy, and Strength on one hand, whereas, Danger, Death, Aggressive, Demanding and Anger on the other. Red is a very dominating color and has the longest wavelength. It is an attractive color and children get attracted to it. This is why it is used a lot in advertisements and child products including toys and cartoon characters. Red is a color of passion that flattens the skin and therefore it is perfect for social occasions, restaurants and bars, or romantic dining rooms. It stimulates the brain and raises the heart rate. I have attached a picture of a room with a red color scheme.
The color white can be referred to as Cleanliness, Purity, Simplicity and Sophistication on one hand, whereas, Sterile, Cold and Unfriendliness on the other hand. It is a result of reflection and because of its this property, it can visually create the illusion of space and height. Too much white may cause strain, boredom, and give a feeling of unfriendliness. When used with other colors, it can be very refreshing and attractive. If used with black in unequal proportions, it can get annoying.
From the above explanation, it is very clear that any ordinary space can be turned into an extraordinary one with the right kind of playing with the colors. An interior designer can help you do just the same since they have years of study and knowledge with them.
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